Local poverty alleviation lies at the heart of the reforestation efforts of Mount Kenya's forests. Livelihood activities including beekeeping, horticulture, biofuel production and agroforestry technologies empowered local communities in sustainable economic development as an alternative to charcoal production. Economic, culinary and medicinal species were planted. Planting took place along riverbanks and water sources to promote access to clean water. The planting activities were carried out by local people themselves, who were engaged in forest policing and, in the long-term, caring for the seedlings and reporting on any illegal activities like firewood collection, charcoal burning, logging and illegal cultivation. Through community-based reforestation, the project served to improve the livelihoods of local Kenyan communities while restoring the area's forests and providing important habitat for local wildlife.