The complete absence of any form of forest management creates an unsustainable situation. Families grow over the years and fields continue to be expand, shifting from one place to the next. Slowly but surely the miombo forests are degraded.
COP27 was more about holding the bar set in Glasgow, rather than making any further strides forward. This is of course disappointing, but sadly not surprising in the face of significant pressure from countries where the political will is still wedded to fossil fuel based economies.